Five Ways to Establish Credit
When it comes to getting a credit card, qualifying is actually one of the easiest parts of the process. Establishing a positive credit record, however, requires dedication and patience.
Whether you are new to credit or are trying to "clean up" past mistakes to reestablish a favorable record, you may encounter a frustrating paradox: you must have and use credit to create a credit history, yet many financial institutions are reluctant to extend credit to someone without an established record. But don't despair - there are several good remedies for both situations.
A Secured Card
An excellent start is a secured credit card. You are granted a credit line based on a percentage of a cash deposit you make to your financial institution. Because deposits are usually low, so too will be your credit limit. Application and annual fees for secured cards are often higher then those associated with unsecured credit cards.
The Retailer’s Card
Consider a local retailer's credit card. Their criteria is often less rigorous than larger credit issuers. Be sure they subscribe to the major credit reporting agencies though - if not, you won't be establishing a credit history.
Another option is having someone with a positive credit record co-sign an account for you. This requires a great deal of trust on the part of the co-signer - if you fail to pay, he or she is responsible. You could end up jeopardizing a relationship as well as a credit record.
Review Your Credit Report
Finally, if you have damaged credit, you might need to rectify the past as you're building your future. Paying old debts and correcting errors on your credit report as soon as possible might be the way to go.
Pay off Your Debts
Once you have a credit line, establish a good history by using it responsibly. Keep balances low, always pay on time, don't pursue unnecessary credit, and stick with a few good credit instruments of various types.
Revised January 2016.